The Secretariat is pleased to announce that the 2018 ROA Report is finally out! While waiting for the printed copy of both the abridged and full versions, please download your e-copy of the abridged version at: http://www.realityofaid.org/roa_report/the-changing-faces-of-development-aid-and-cooperation-abridged/
Special thanks to our writer-content editor Brian Tomlinson, managing editor Erin Palomares, editorial assistant Neri Gueta and layout artist Jennifer Padilla for all the hard work!
This publication is a synthesis report which documents the level of preparedness for the Busan Agenda among Youth and Child Rights civil society organisations (CSOs) in four countries, namely: Kenya, Swaziland, Tanzania and South Africa. The report was commissioned by Reality of Aid-Africa (RoA-A) as part of its oversight role over[RA1] monitoring the commitments of governments and their development partners over the Busan Agenda to[RA2] usher an enabling environment for effective development.
ROA-A is of the position that the capacity of Youth and Child Rights CSOs to engage in a multi stakeholder framework at the national level must be strengthened. To achieve this, African governments need to fully implement their commitment on enabling CSOs to exercise their role as independent development actors, with emphasis on improving their legal and regulatory framework. In this regard, relevant legal, institutional and structural frameworks must be reformed for this to take effect.
The continent’s CSO preparedness towards the implementation of the Busan Agenda at regional and national levels remains paramount. This is largely because the region has the largest concentration of countries that receive aid. It is also a region where the legal framework and the working environment for CSOs is increasingly becoming disenabling. Therefore, it is important to design relevant strategies to exploit the opportunities provided for in the Busan outcome context while simultaneously guarding against the threats it poses to CSO work in Africa.
Six years after the signing of the Busan Agenda Framework in 2011, and nine years after the Accra Agenda on Action Aid Effectiveness meeting[RA3] , presents an opportune moment to assess the progress made toward the two milestones’ commitments. This is undertaken through analysis of the working social, economic and legal environment in Africa. Africa remains critical for such a study because the region stands to benefit the most, should the Busan Agenda become a reality.
The first part of the report highlights the findings on the status of Universal Rights within each of the four countries. The study found that, because the four countries have freedoms and universal rights entrenched in their constitutions, this evidently had ushered in some degree of liberty for the Youth and Child Rights CSOs to form, register and operate. This was however juxtaposed with a steady shrinkage of operational space. The research[RA4] showed that his conjecture was related to how governments dichotomised CSOs into service providers, versus the governance and accountability organisations and categorized them under the friend/enemy binary. The result was a negative tension between government and those viewed as the enemy of the state.
The following section highlights CSO relations with government emphasising how government apparatus responded to criticism particularly from Youth and Child Rights CSOs. The study iterates the adverse actions that government took, which included intimidation, invocation of state security terrorism threats and/or public disturbance, as justification for suspension of CSO members’ human rights.
The section on Policy Influencing highlights how each of the governments has made progress in including CSOs in policy processes. While there was no contestation in terms of the goals set by the Busan Outcome in this context, the study illuminates the many challenges in optimising this undertaking. Key, are challenges pertaining to Youth and Child Rights CSOs’ capacity, organisational, geographic reach and location and inaccurate representation of CSO’ s policy input.
This is followed by a section on findings on Donor and CSO relations. These unveiled how the topic remains a highly-contested site, which evokes emotive narratives around difference and abuse of power, reminiscent of colonial and settlers’ dichotomy. Part of the contestation is evident around the alleged lack of commitment by multilateral and international donors in seeing the Busan Agenda through. Many Youth and Child Rights CSOs research respondents felt that donors had not taken any concrete transformative steps to meet the agenda requirements.
The last part of the report lists the recommendations directed at all stakeholders: governments, CSOs, constituencies, local and international donors and aims to elicit a reflective process at all stages, initiating some measure of redress to bring Busan Outcome’s objective of effective aid closer to reality.
The African Effective Development Co-operation Community of Practice Meeting was initiated with the welcoming remarks provided by Mr. Lamin M. Manneh, as UNDP Regional Service Center Director for Africa. In his remarks, Mr. Manneh, insisted on the importance of reinforcing the African Community of Practice on Development Effectiveness, underlying the specific needs of African countries and the unfinished business related to the implementations of Effective Development Cooperation principles at country level.
Consequently, the Agenda and overall scope of the meeting was presented to the 46 participants and each of them introduced themselves indicating the name of the country they represented, their institution and the key objective for them in this meeting.
The full report can be downloaded via the link below.
Africa Regional Workshop on the Global Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation Post-Monitoring Results and Preparations for the 2nd High Level Meeting (HLM2)
14-16 September 2016, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
The Africa Regional Workshop on the Global Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation organized by The NEPAD Agency and the African Union Commission which leads the coordination of the Africa positions on development effectiveness of which effective development cooperation is a part. In this role, the NEPAD Agency and African Union Commission represents Africa in the Steering Committee of the Global Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation, and are facilitating the preparation of Africa’s common position and consensus that will feed into the Second HLM. The review of progress in implementing commitments on effective development co-operation will inform the formulation of key political messages and overall common position to guide Africa’s engagement at the high level meeting.
OBJECTIVES AND EXPECTED OUTCOMES
The objectives of the workshop are three-fold:
1. Review progress in implementing commitments on effective development cooperation and challenges related to commitments on development effectiveness principles, taking stock of monitoring process itself, sharing experiences and lessons with the aim that global monitoring efforts support are embedded in national accountability frameworks.
2. Discuss broad parameters for a refined monitoring framework. Consider proposed parameters for a refined monitoring framework at technical level, drawing on practical experience monitoring and managing development cooperation at country level. This discussion will further inform future work on a refined monitoring framework and the HLM outcome document consultation.
3. Formulate Africa’s common position and consensus on development effectiveness priorities, drawing on but not limited to the monitoring findings and country implementation of SDGs to feed into the Nairobi HLM2 outcomes.
Presentations and plenary discussions at the consultation aim to be strongly anchored in country level experiences and emphasis will remain focused on promoting coherence between the agendas on Effective Development Cooperation, FfD and to the 2030 Agenda, as well as, the Agenda 2063. The discussions will reflect the various contexts in the region such as implications for fragile and post-conflict contexts, significance for MICs, LDCs and SIDs, and include opportunities to discuss strengthening modalities and policy environments to promote South-South and Triangular Cooperation.
The consultation will result in the following outputs:
- Demonstrated impacts of monitoring on effective development co-operation and multi-stakeholder coordination and dialogue at country and regional levels;
- Africa’s common position and consensus on development effectiveness priorities to be brought to the HLM2 and key messages to be highlighted from the region’s experiences of FfD and GPEDC;
- Recommendations on broad parameters for refined monitoring framework, including strengthened monitoring process - Regional recommendations on the outcome document of the HLM 2.
- Regional positions in the mandate of the Global Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation.
Key political messages (EN/FR) developed at this meeting can be downloaded below.
The Africa Action Plan on Development Effectiveness with key priorities for development cooperation is inspired by the vision of the African Union of “an integrated, prosperous and peaceful Africa, driven by its own citizens and representing a dynamic force in the global arena”.
The Action Plan is based on the Continent’s development priorities as expressed by the African Union Agenda 2063, the Constitutive Act of the African Union and NEPAD, the 2011 African Consensus and Position on Development Effectiveness, as well as, regional and continental consultations held in preparation for the First High-Level Meeting of the Global Partnership of Effective Development Cooperation.
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